How Gum Disease Causes Tooth Loss: Filling Gaps in Patient Knowledge By Louis Buono on June 07, 2016

Gum disease and tooth decay

Dr. Louis Buono is proud to serve the people of Long Island, offering advanced dental care treatment and services. This includes a combination of state-of-the-art restorative dentistry and new techniques for cosmetic dental care.

When it comes to dealing with gum disease, Dr. Buono and his team work quickly to address the issue before it gets worse and leads to tooth loss. Let's explore the link between gum disease and tooth loss right now.

About Gum Disease

Gum disease refers to the bacterial infection of the gum tissue that is caused by the oral bacteria that naturally occurs in the mouth. This is the same oral bacteria that also caused bad breath and tooth decay. The condition is also referred to as periodontal disease.

The Stages of Gum Disease

There are three stages of gum disease. Listed below in order from least severe to most severe, they are as follows:

  • Gingivitis
  • Periodontitis
  • Advanced periodontitis

In early stages of gum disease, the primary worries involve gum irritation, bleeding gums, and gum discoloration. In later stages of the condition, there are a number of ways that gum disease can affect the overall health and wellness of teeth that can result in tooth loss.

Gum Recession

Gum recession refers to the loss of gum tissue along the original area of the gumline. This exposes more of the tooth root to potential harm, and it means that there is less gum tissue to protect and hold a tooth secure in place.

Tooth Decay Below the Gumline

When gum recession occurs, this leads to an increased risk of experiencing tooth decay below the gumline. This is much more difficult to treat than traditional tooth decay given its location. This makes root canal infections much more likely.

Loose Teeth

As gum disease gets more severe, patients may notice that their teeth are loose than usual. In some cases, the teeth begin to shift out of their original position, a problem that has to be taken very seriously.

Spread of Infection

With the spread of infection, sometimes it become necessary to extract a tooth in order to avoid far more serious dental health issues, such as great infection of a tooth or the more of the gum tissue, or potential infection of the jawbone and other structures of the mouth.

Link Between Gum Disease and Smoking

In addition to all of the above, there is a link between smoking and gum disease. People who smoke are more likely to experience serious infection or long-lasting infections. This is why smokers are found to be twice as likely to be missing teeth than non-smokers.

Treatments for Gum Disease

When addressing gum disease, the first step is to get the infection under control. This is often achieved through the use of antiseptic rinses or antibiotic medications. Gum grafting procedures may then be performed in order to reverse the damaging effects of gum disease.

Treatments for Tooth Loss

When it comes to treating tooth loss, there are plenty of options to consider, from bridges and dentures to the use of dental implants to hold dental appliances secure. The ideal option for addressing tooth loss can be discussed in greater detail during your consultation at the practice.

Contact Dr. Louis Buono

For more information about gum disease and how it can be effectively treated and prevented, be sure to contact our advanced dental care center today. Dr. Louis Buono and his team will help you have the healthiest and most beautiful smile possible.

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Louis J. Buono, DDS

Garden City Smiles Louis J. Buono, DDS

Dr. Buono has been providing leading smile care to his patients in Garden City and Long Island for over 30 years. He is proud to be affiliated with: 

  • Academy of General Dentistry
  • American Academy of Cosmetic Dentistry 

You can request a consultation with our dentist by filling out our online form or calling (516) 294-0375.

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